Abbasid Caliphate: 2nd Period

Gold Dinar

Obverse

In field: la ilah illa/Allah wahda/la sharik lahu “no deity other than the One God, He has no associate”

Inner margin anticlockwise from 3:00: bism Allah duriba hadha’l-dinar bi-Makka sana ithnatayn wa khamsin wa mi’atayn “in the name of God this dinar was struck in Makka the year two and fifty and two hundred”

Outer margin anticlockwise from 12:00: lillah al-‘amr min qabl wa-min ba‘d wa- yawma’idhin yafrahu al-mu’minin bi-nasr Allah “the command is God’s, past and future, and on that day the faithful will rejoice in the victory granted by God” Surah XXX (al-Rum), v. 4

Reverse

In field within single circle: lillah/Muhammad/rasul/Allah/al-Mu’tazz billah/amir al-mu’minin “for God, Muhammad is the messenger of God, al-Mu’tazz billah, commander of the faithful“

In margin anticlockwise from 1:00: Muhammad rasul Allah arsalahu bi’l-huda wa-din al-haqq li-yuzhirahu ‘ala al-din kullihi wa’l-law kariha al-mushrikun “Muhammad is the messenger of God who sent him with guidance and the religion of truth that he might make it supreme over all other religions, even though the polytheists may detest it” Surah IX (al-Tauba) v. 33

This is a standard Abbasid dinar of its period, but one that carries a remarkable history in the metal from which it was struck and the fact that it came from the rarest and most desirable of all Islamic mint places. In the year 252 H. the gold from which the coin is struck was stripped from the Makam Ibrahim by the Governor of Makka, Ja’far bin al-Fadl and melted down to convert into dinars intended to pay for his struggle against the rebel Isma’il bin Yu’suf bin Ibrahim. There are many traditions surrounding the Makam Ibrahim. It is said to be the stone in the sanctuary at Makka behind which the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) prayed. Its sanctity was enhanced because it is believed to have borne the footprints of Ibrahim, and those of the Prophet fitted them precisely, being exactly the same size. Some traditions say that the miracle of the footprints in the stone appeared when Ibrahim was building the Kaba’a. When the walls became too high he stood on the Makam which miraculously rose and fell in order to allow Isma’il to hand the stones of the building to his father.

Abbasid Caliphate: 2nd Period

MaterialGold
TypeDinar
RulerAbu-‘Abd Allah Muhammad al-Mu’tazz billah
MintMakka
Date252H / 866CE
Weight4.11g
Diameter20mm