Arab Sasanian

Silver Drachm

Obverse

In field within double serrate circle: bearded bust of Sasanian ruler facing to right wearing a crown with the usual wings, topped by a star and crescent, His right ear has an earring with three pellets and on his breast is a triangle of pellets. Legends in Pahlawi, downwards on right HUSRUB (Khusraw), downwards on left AFZUT/GDH “May his kingship increase”

In margin: stars and crescents at 3:00, 6:00, 9:00 and 12:00; between 12:00 and 3:00 bism Allah, between 3:00 and 6:00 la ilah illa Allah wa, between 6:00 and 9:00 hda Muhammad ra, between 9:00 and 12:00 sul Allah “in the name of God, no deity other than the One God, Muhammad is the messenger of God”

Reverse

In field within triple serrate circle: Sasanian fire altar raised on three steps with an attendant priest, or mobedh on either side. To left downwards in Kufic script Dimashq, and downwards on right the date thalath wa saba’in “three and seventy”

In margin: stars and crescents at 3:00, 6:00 , 9:00 and 12:00

By far the greatest number of Arab Sasanian coins bore the familiar bust of the Sasanian ruler Khusraw II, his coinage being the commonest of all the Sasanian issues. Most of his posthumous coins were struck in the east, with the mint name and date in Pahlawi. But after the Caliph ‘Abd al-Malik bin Marwan defeated the rival caliph ‘Abd Allah bin al-Zubayr in 73 H/692 CE it was decided that silver coinage should be struck in Syria. These coins, bearing both the kalima in Arabic on the obverse and the mint and date in Arabic on the reverse, are extremely rare. This is because most of them would have been recalled for restriking after the introduction of the reform silver coinage.

Arab Sasanian

MaterialSilver
TypeDrachm
RulerAnonymous
MintDimashq/Damascus
Date73H / 692CE
Weight3.79g
Diameter33mm