Umayyad Caliphate

Gold Dinar

Obverse

In field within serrate circle: la ilah illa/Allah wahda/la sharik lahu “no deity other than the One God, He has no associate” Around anticlockwise from 2:00: Muhammad rasul Allah arsalahu bi’l huda wa din al-haqq li-yuzhirahu ‘ala al-din kullihi “Muhammad is the messenger of God, who sent him with guidance and the religion of truth that he might make it supreme over all other religions” – Surah IX (al-Tauba) verse 33

Reverse

In field within serrate circle: Allah ahad Allah/al-samad lam yalid/wa-lam yulid “God is one, God is besought of all, needing none, He does not beget nor is He begotten” – Surah CXII al-Ikhlas (in part)

Around anticlockwise from 2:00: bism Allah duriba hadha’l-dinar fi sana sab’ wa saba’in “in the name of God this dinar was struck in the year seven and seventy

This is the most famous and sought-after of all Islamic coins. It is a superb example of the earliest Umayyad reform style gold coinage on which the Caliph ‘Abd al-Malik replaced all images and symbols with legends from the Holy Qur’an and included the Hijri year of its striking. It was the model upon which all later Islamic coinage was based. Apart from the dates, the legends on both obverse and reverse of all the Umayyad dinars are the same. If Justinian II could place the image of Christ on the obverse of his coins against the figure of the cross, ‘Abd al-Malik could respond by placing the image of a standing figure holding a sword on his own figural coins struck between 74 and 77 H. However, this coinage may have resembled the Byzantine coinage too much for ‘Abd al-Malik’s emerging theology. Finally he took the decisive step of issuing the truly Islamic reform-style gold dinar, which was intended to serve as a missionary for the Faith of Islam. All Christian images and symbols were replaced with legends from the Holy Qur’an, which vigorously deny the doctrine of the Christian Trinity.

Umayyad Caliphate

MaterialGold
TypeDinar
RulerAnonymous
MintUnknown
Date77H / 696-697CE
Weight4.17g
Diameter20.5mm