Umayyad Caliphate in Spain

Gold Dinar


In field an eight-petalled daisy: la ilah illa/Allah wahda/la sharik lahu/Muhammad “no deity other than the One God, He has no associate, Muhammad”

In margin anticlockwise from 2:00: Muhammad rasul Allah arsalahu bi’l-huda wa din al-haqq li-yuzhirahu ‘ala al din kullihi wa law kariha al-mushrikun “Muhammad is the messenger of God who sent him with guidance and the religion of truth that he might make it supreme over all other religions, even though the polytheists may detest it” Surah IX (al-Tauba) v. 33


In field: al-Imam al-Nasr/li-din Allah ‘Abd al-Rahman/amir al-mu’minin “the Imam al-Nasr li-din Allah ‘Abd al-Rahman, commander of the faithful”

Around within a pointillate circle: bism Allah duriba hadha’l-dinar bi’l-Andalus sana thalath wa thalathin wa thalath mi’a “in the name of God this dinar was struck in al-Andalus the year three and thirty and three hundred”

The gold coinage of the Umayyad dynasty in Spain began in 317 H after ‘Abd al-Rahman III promoted himself from being an amir to an imam (i.e. a caliph), thus copying and rivalling the new Fatimid caliphate of al-Mahdi in Ifriqiya. While ‘Abd al-Rahman’s silver coinage was plentiful and often poorly struck, his gold coins were both beautifully designed and struck. They are also very rare, which suggests that they were struck for presentation at his brilliant court rather than for general circulation. The name Muhammad that appears in the obverse field probably belonged to a master of the mint, but George Miles could make no plausible suggestion as to who he actually was, there being so many officials of the same name.

Umayyad Caliphate in Spain

RulerAbu’l-Mutarrif ‘Abd al-Rahman III al-Nasir li-din Allah
Mintal-Andalus – Qurtuba
Date333 H (944-945 CE)