al-Murabitun Partisans*

Gold Dinar

Obverse

In field: Allah/la ilah illa/Muhammad rasul Allah/Allah wali al-din/amuna “God, no deity other than God, Muhammad is the messenger of God, God is the friend of those who believe”

In margin: wamanyabatghe ghayr al-islami dinan falan yuqbala min-hu wa husa fi lakhirati min al-khasrin “and whoever desires other than Islam as a faith, then it will not be accepted from him, and in the hereafter he will be one of the losers” – Surah III, (al-’Imran) v. 85 (in part)

Reverse

In field: al-imam/‘Abd/Allah/amir al-mu’minin/al-‘Abbasi “the Imam, servant of God, commander of the faithful, the Abbasid”

In margin: bism Allah duriba hadha’l-dinar bi-Bayyasa ‘ala Qashtiliya ‘am ithnatayn wa arba’in wa khams mi’a “In the name of God, this dinar was struck in Bayyasa to the standard of Castille in the year two and forty and five”

*under Castillian Dispensation

In 541 H/1146 CE the town of Baeza, in south-eastern Spain to the north of Granada, was captured from the Muslims by King Alfonso VII of Castille and Leon, who had governed the area until an al-Muwahhid offensive in 553 H/1158 CE returned the town to Muslim rule. During this period of more than a decade of Castillian control, a few of these extremely rare anonymous dinars were struck which were al-Murabitid in character but with the legend in the obverse margin reading “with the mark of Castille”, an unequivocal phrase showing them to be of the Christian monarchy and the property of the Castillian monetary patrons. The statements in the legends are, even so, strongly Islamic in nature and include the al-Murabitid motto, Surah III (al-’Imran) verse 85. While the reverse field reads, “the Imam, Servant of God, commander of the faithful, the Abbasid,” the margin makes it abundantly clear that this extremely rare dinar “was struck in Bayyasa to the standard of Castille”, showing that the district was under the rule of the Castillian government.

al-Murabitun Partisans*

MaterialGold
TypeDinar
RulerAbbasid Caliph al-Muqtafi bi-amr Allah
MintBayyasa
Date542 H (1147-1148 CE)
Weight3.87g
Diameter25mm