Aghlabid Governors of Ifriqiya

Gold Dinar

Obverse

In field: la ilah illa/Allah wahda/la sharik lahu “no deity other than the One God, He has no associate”

In margin anticlockwise from 2:00: Muhammad rasul Allah arsalahu bi’l-huda wa din al-haqq li-yuzhirahu ‘ala al din kullihi “Muhammad is the messenger of God who sent him with guidance and the religion of truth that he might make it supreme over all other religions” – Surah IX (al-Tauba) v. 33 (in part)

Reverse

In field within linear circle: ghalab/Muhammad/rasul Allah/Ziyadat Allah “victory, Muhammad is the messenger of God, Ziyadat Allah”

In margin anticlockwise from 2:00: bism Allah duriba hadha‘l-dinar sana tisa’ wa arba’in wa mi’atayn “in the name of God this dinar was struck the year nine and forty and two hundred”

While al-‘Ush records a single dinar of this governor dated 250 H (no 68), there are none known of 249. Obviously the extreme rarity of the coinage of Ziyadat Allah II, who governed for less than a year within two overlapping hijri years, is due to the brevity of his reign. Coins of both his predecessor and his successor are well known for both the years 249 and 250. It was the Caliph al-Rashid who conferred the title of “Hereditary Governor of Ifriqiya” on Ibrahim I al-Aghlab. Aghlabid gold perpetuated the design and legends of the initial Abbasid dinar, that was introduced by the Caliph al-Saffah in 132, and continued until the time of al-Ma’mun’s reform coinage. Like the former, the dinars of the Aghlabids did not bear any mint name, but placed the dynastic motto ghalab (“victory”) and the name of the governor on the reverse. Occasionally the name of another individual, probably the mint master or a court favourite, appeared in the fourth line of the obverse field.

Aghlabid Governors of Ifriqiya

MaterialGold
TypeDinar
RulerAbu-Muhammad Ziyadat Allah II bin Muhammad
MintAghlabid
Date249 H (863 CE)
Weight4.22g
Diameter19mm