Kharajite Rebel in Tunisia

Gold Dinar

Obverse

In field: rabuna Allah/la hukum illa Allah/la ilah illa Allah/wahda la sharik lahu/al-haqq al-mubin “God is our Lord, no judgement without God, no deity other than the One God, He has no associate, the manifest truth”

In margin: bism Allah al-rahman al-rahim duriba hadha‘l-dinar bi’l-Qayrawan sanat arba’ wa thalathin wa thalath mi’a “In the name of God, the merciful, the compassionate, this dinar was struck in al-Qayrawan year four and thirty and three hundred”

Reverse

In field: al-‘izza lillah/Muhammad/rasul/Allah/khatim al-nabiyin “Glory be to God, Muhammad is the messenger of God/the seal of the prophets”

Inner margin: Muhammad rasul Allah arsalahu bi’l-huda wa din al-haqq li-yuzhirahu ‘ala al-din kullihi wa law kariha al-mushrikun “Muhammad is the messenger of God, who sent him with guidance and the religion of truth that he might make it supreme over all other religions even though the polytheists may detest it” – Surah IX (al-Tauba) v.33

Outer margin: “So it is those who believe in him (Muhammad), honour him, help him, and follow the light which is sent down with him, and it is they who will be successful.” Qur’an Surah VII (al-A’raf), v. 157 (closing sentence)

This is a very rare coin of Abu Yazid, who became the leader of the Kharijite Ibadi al-Nukkar sect in North Africa. He began his rebellion during the reign of al-Mahdi, and, during that of al-Qa’im, he almost destroyed the Fatimids as he conquered one city and town after another, including the capital, Kairouan. However, al-Qa’im’s Fatimid son and successor, Isma’il al-Mansur, kept his father’s death secret, launched a campaign against the rebels, and drove Abu Yazid westwards. After a number of fierce battles Abu Yazid’s forces were routed in 336 H/947 CE, he was wounded, captured and died within a few days. The obverse field of this dinar contains the Kharijite motto, la hukum illa Allah (“no judgement without God”). The use of the passage from verse 157 of Surah VII is an obvious assurance to the followers of Abu Yazid that support for him guarantees their success.

Kharajite Rebel in Tunisia

MaterialGold
TypeDinar
RulerAbu Yazid Makhlad bin Kaykad al-Nukkari
Mintal-Qayrawan
Date334 H (908-909 CE)
Weight4.07g
Diameter18mm