Fatimid Caliphate

Gold Dinar

Obverse

In central field: al-‘izza lillah “Glory be to God”.

Inner circle: la ilah illa Allah wahda la sharik lahu Muhammad rasul Allah “no deity other than the One God, He has no associate, Muhammad is the messenger of God”

Middle circle: wa ‘Ali bin Abi Talib wasiyy al-rasul wa‘l-na‘ib a-faddall wa zawj al-zahra’ al-batul “and ‘Ali bin Abi Talib is the nominee of the Prophet and the most excellent representative and the husband of the Radiant Chaste One” (meaning Fatima)

Outer circle: Muhammad rasul Allah arsalahu bi’l-huda wa din al-haqq li-yuzhirahu ‘ala al-din kullihi wa law kariha al-mushrikun “Muhammad is the messenger of God, who sent him with guidance and the religion of truth that he might make it supreme over all other religions even though the polytheists may detest it” – Surah IX (al-Tauba) v. 33

Reverse

In central field: al-qudra lillah “power belongs to God”

Inner circle: ‘Abd Allah Ma’add abu-Tamim al-imam al-Muizz li-din Allah amir al-mu’minin “Servant of God Ma’add abu-Tamim the imam al-Mu’izz li-din Allah, commander of the faithful”

Middle circle: muhiya sunnat Muhammad sayyid al-mursilin wa warith majd al-a’imma al-mahdiyyin “Revivifi er of the sunna of Muhammad, the pre-eminent among messengers and heir of the nobility of the Rightly Guided Imams”

Outer circle: bism Allah al-malik al-haqq al-mubin duriba hadha’l-dinar bi’l-Mansuriya sanat ithnatayn wa arba’in wa thalath mi’a “in the name of God, the King, the Evident Truth, this dinar was struck in al-Mansuriya year two and forty and three hundred”

Al-Mansuriya was a palace complex outside Kairouan built by Isma’il al-Mansur, the father of al-Mu’izz, to which the mint of al-Qayrawan was transferred by the year 338 H. It was given the name al-Mansuriya after al-Mansur’s own laqab, just as al-Mahdiya received its name from al-Mahdi. Dinars bearing the legends on this beautiful and rare dinar contain the most extreme Shi’a doctrinal statements seen on any Fatimid coin. Curiously, these legends did not identify the Fatimids with the Isma’ili followers of the first seven Shi’a Imams, either by name or by doctrine. The legends must, however, have caused upset to the Sunni inhabitants of Ifriqiya because they were altered in 343 H, the year after this coin was struck, to less controversial statements.

Fatimid Caliphate

MaterialGold
TypeDinar
Rulerabu-Tamim Ma’add al-Mu’izz li-din Allah
Mintal-Mansuriya
Date342 H (953-954 CE)
Weight4.15g
Diameter23mm