Barghawatid Governors of Safaqus

Gold Dinar


In centre within circle: la ilah illa Allah/wahda la sharik lahu/Muhammad rasul Allah “no deity other than God, He has no associate, Muhammad is God’s messenger”

In margin: Muhammad rasul Allah arsalahu bi’l-huda wa din al-haqq li-yuzhirahu ‘ala al-din kullihi wa law kariha al-mushri (kun) “Muhammad is the messenger of God, who sent him with guidance and the religion of truth that he might make it supreme over all other religions even though the polytheists may detest it” – Surah IX (al-Tauba) v. 33


In centre within circle: wa man yabtaghe ghayr/al-islami dinan/falan yuqbala minhu “and whosoever desires other than Islam as a faith, then it will not be accepted from him.” Surah III (al-’Imran) v. 85 (in part)

In margin: bism Allah duriba hadha’l-dinar bi-Safaqus sanat arba’ wa khamsin wa arba’ mi’a “in the name of God this dinar was struck in Safaqus year four and fi fty and four hundred”

Safuqus (Sfax) is a port south of al-Mahdiya on the eastern coast of Tunisia. Hazard stated that “no coins have been reported for the local Arab and Berber rulers in Tunisia and Algeria other than the Zirids and Hammudids in between the interval between the Arab invasion of 443 H/1051 CE and the completion of the Muwahhid conquest in 555/1160.” This unrecorded coin of the Barghawatid Governors adds a previously unrecorded date to the one example cited by Hazard from the year 461 H.

Barghawatid Governors of Safaqus

RulerHammu ibn Malil
Date454 H (1062 CE)