Hafsid of Algeria, Tunisia & Tripoli

Gold Dinar

Obverse

Within serrate square within double linear square: al-wahid Allah/Muhammad rasul Allah/al-Mahdi khalifat Allah/Tilimsan “the one God, Muhammad is the messenger of God, the Mahdi is the Viceroy of God (in small letters) Tilimsan”

In marginal segments within linear and serrate circles: at 12:00 bism Allah al-rahman al-rahim, at 9:00 salla Allah ‘ala Muhammad, at 6:00 wa’la hukum ilah wahid, at 3:00 la ilah illa huwa al-rahman al-rahim “in the name of God, the merciful, the compassionate, God’s blessing be upon Muhammad, and your god is a single god, no god but He, the merciful, the compassionate

Reverse

Within serrate square within double linear square: al-shukr lillah/wa al-minna lillah/wa’l-hawl wa’l-quwatt billah “thanks be to God and grace be to God and the right and strength be to God”

In marginal segments within linear and serrate circles: at 12:00 al-amir al-ajall, at 9:00 abu-Zakariya Yahya, at 6:00 bin Abi Muhammad, at 3:00 bin Abi Hafs “The noble Amir Abu Zakariya Yahya bin Abi Muhammad bin Abi Hafs

Abu-Zakariya Yahya I was the first ruler of the Hafsid dynasty, whose family was descended from Shaykh Abu-Hafs ‘Umar, a companion and helper of the first al-Muwahhid ruler, Ibn Tumart, known as al-Mahdi. The Hafsids were a branch of the Masmudah Berber tribe of Tunisia and eastern Algeria, who claimed their spiritual and political succession from the Muwahhids, and their coins essentially followed both the weight standard and design conventions employed by that dynasty. As can be seen from the photograph, they inscribed this and their other coins in a particularly refined cursive Naskhi script, although a highly ornamented and stylised Kufi script was occasionally used as well.

Hafsid of Algeria, Tunisia & Tripoli

MaterialGold
TypeDinar
RulerAbu-Zakariya Yahya I bin ‘Abd al-Wahid
MintTilimsan
DateUndated
Weight4.79g
Diameter27.5mm