Qarmatids in Syria & Palestine

Gold Dinar

Obverse

In field: la ilah illa/Allah wahda/la sharik lahu/al-sayyid/al-ra’is “no deity other than God, He has no associate, the chief lord”

Inner margin: bism Allah duriba hadha’l-dinar bi-Dimashq sanat ahad wa sittin wa thalath’ mi’a “in the name of God this dinar was struck in Dimashq the year one and sixty and three hundred”

Outer margin: lillah al-amr min qabl wa min bad wa yawma‘idhin yafrahu al-mu’minin bi-nasr Allah “the command is God’s, past and future, and on that day the faithful will rejoice in the victory granted by God” – Surah XXX (al-Rum) v. 4

Reverse

In field: lillah/Muhammad/rasul Allah/salla Allah ‘alayhi/wa ‘alihi/al-Muti’ lillah/al-Hasan bin Ahmad “for God, Muhammad is the messenger of God, may God’s blessing and the peace of God be upon him, al-Muti‘ lillah, al-Hasan bin Ahmad”

In margin anticlockwise from 1:00: Muhammad rasul Allah arsalahu bi’l-huda wa-din al-haqq li-yuzhirahu ‘ala al-din kullihi wa’l-law kariha al-mushrikun “Muhammad is the messenger of God who sent him with guidance and the religion of truth that he might make it supreme over all other religions, even though the polytheists may detest it” – Surah IX (al-Tauba) v. 33

The Qaramita (Qarmatids) were a radical Isma’ili Shi’a sect who hated both the Shi’ite Fatimids and the Sunni Abbasids, even though they placed the title and name of the latter’s caliph on their coins. They originated in eastern coastal Arabia (al-Bahrayn) but went on to seize parts of Syria, Palestine and even the Hijaz. At first glance this looks like a traditional Abbasid or Ikhshidid dinar, the only difference being the name and title of the chief of the Qarmatids, al-Hasan bin Ahmad.

Qarmatids in Syria & Palestine

MaterialGold
TypeDinar
Ruleral-Hasan bin Ahmad
MintDimashq
Date361 H (971-972 CE)
Weight3.61g
Diameter21mm