Ayyubid of Egypt & Syria

Gold Dinar

Obverse

In field within single linear circle: ‘Uthman/bin Yusuf “Uthman bin Yusuf”

Inner circle within double circle anticlockwise from 1:00: ‘alin al-malik ghaya al-‘Aziz “best quality, the king al-‘Aziz”

Outer field anticlockwise beginning at 12:00: Muhammad rasul Allah arsalahu bi’l-huda wa din al-haqq li-yuzhirahu ‘ala al-din kullihi “Muhammad is the messenger of God who sent him with guidance and the religion of truth that he might make it supreme over all other religions” – Surah IX (al-Tauba) v. 33 (in part)

Reverse

In field within single linear circle: ‘Uthman/bin Yusuf “Uthman bin Yusuf”

Inner circle within double circle anticlockwise from 1:00: ‘alin al-malik ghaya al-‘Aziz “best quality, the king al-‘Aziz”

Outer field anticlockwise beginning at 12:00: Muhammad rasul Allah arsalahu bi’l-huda wa din al-haqq li-yuzhirahu ‘ala al-din kullihi “Muhammad is the messenger of God who sent him with guidance and the religion of truth that he might make it supreme over all other religions” – Surah IX (al-Tauba) v. 33 (in part)

This is the only Ayyubid coin that bears the mint name Makka. The coin came from a small hoard found in the 1960s which contained all the known examples of this extremely rare issue. There is no political event that would explain why al-‘Aziz ‘Uthman was recognised at Makka. It was suggested by Enrico Leuthold that the unpopular Sharif of Makka (of the Banu Fulaytah – Hawashim) antagonised a brother of Saladin when he was passing through Makka. This must have been Shams al-din Turanshah I, the future governor of the Yemen. His aim was to abolish the Sharifate of Makka, but instead he agreed to accept that the annual pilgrimage to Makka would be led by an Ayyubid, and that the Ayyubid ruler’s name would be included in the <i>khutba</i> (Friday prayer) in the Holy City. This coin was probably a pious offering, struck in the Cairo mint to accompany the <i>Hajj</i> caravan to Makka.

Ayyubid of Egypt & Syria

MaterialGold
TypeDinar
Ruleral-‘Aziz abu’l-Fath‘ Uthman bin Nasir al-din Yusuf
MintMakka (the Holy City)
Date594 H (1197-1198 CE)
Weight3.67g
Diameter20mm