Mukramid of Oman

Gold Dinar

Obverse

In field: Mukram/la ilah illa Allah/al-Qa’im bi-amr Allah/al-malik shahanshah/abu-Kalijar bin/Sultan al-dawla “Mukram, no deity other than God, al-Qa’im bi-amr Allah, al-malik, king of kings abu-Kalijar bin Sultan al-dawla”

In margin: bism Allah duriba hadha’l-dinar bi-‘Uman sana saba’ wa ‘ashrin wa arba‘ mi’a “in the name of God this dinar was struck in ‘Uman the year seven and twenty and four hundred”

Reverse

In field: Muhammad rasul Allah/Amir al-umara Nasir/al-din yamin al-dawla wa/fakhr al-milla wa muhyi (al-umma)/abu’l-Qasim “Muhammad is the messenger of God, prince of princes, Nasir al-din, right hand of the state and glory of the community and sustainer (of the people), abu’l-Qasim”

In margin: Muhammad rasul Allah arsalahu bi’l-huda wa-din al-haqq li-yuzhirahu ‘ala al-din kullihi wa’l-law kariha al-mushrikun “Muhammad is the messenger of God who sent him with guidance and the religion of truth that he might make it supreme over all other religions, even though the polytheists may detest it” – Surah IX (al-Tauba) v. 33

During the fourth and fifth centuries of the Hijra Oman served as the springboard for trade at the western end of the Arabian Sea. The income from this trade enabled the country to support a superb gold coinage issued in the names of its local governors. Although they were largely independent, they were the vassals of the Buwayhids of Fars and the Mukramids always placed the latters’ names on their coins. This dinar illustrates the inflation in titulature which occupied the imagination of the rulers at this time. Unlike the modest titles seen on his first coinage, Nasir al-din now makes grandiose claims for his own importance on this dinar, his latest dated coin. In doing so he was following the example set by his nominal Buwayhid overlord, abu-Kalijar, who made even more fantastic claims to greatness on the coins struck in his name. When Nasir al-din died he was succeeded by his son abu-Muhammad and then, after one year, by a slave, ‘Izz al-din, whose reign was equally short. The dynasty’s rule was brought to an end when the Buwayhids imposed their direct rule on the country in 432 H/1039 CE.

Mukramid of Oman

MaterialGold
TypeDinar
RulerNasir al-din abu’l-Qasim
Mint‘Uman (country name, with the mint probably located at the port of Sohar)
Date427 H (1035-1036 CE)
Weight4.99g
Diameter22.5mm