Rasulid Rulers of the Yemen

Gold Dinar

Obverse

Within pointillate square within double linear square: la ilah illa Allah/Muhammad rasul Allah/salla Allah ‘alayhi wa alihi “no deity other than God, Muhammad is the messenger of God, may God’s blessings be upon him and his family

In marginal segments: at 12:00 bism Allah al-rahman al-rahim, at 9:00 al-Imam al-Rashidun, at 6:00 Abu Bakr wa ‘Umar, at 3:00 wa ‘Uthman wa ‘Ali “in the name of God, the merciful, the compassionate, the Orthodox Imams, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar and ‘Uthman and ‘Ali”

Reverse

Within pointillate square within double linear square: al-sultan al-malik/al-Mu’ayyad Hizibr/al-din Da’ud “the Sultan, the King al-Mu’ayyad Hizibr al-din Da’ud”
In marginal segments: at 12:00 malik al-Muzaffar (sic), at 9:00 al-Musta’sim billah, at 6:00 amir al-mu’minin bi-‘Adan, at 3:00 sana thaman ‘ashr wa saba’ mi’a “the king, al-Muzaffar, al-Musta’sim billah, commander of the faithful, in ‘Adan year eighteen and seven hundred

The gold coinage of the Rasulids is of the highest rarity. This coin is possibly the best preserved example of all the known pieces to have survived undamaged. Because of its square in circle design, at first glance one would presume that it was a Hafsid or Marinid coin from Morocco. It is possible that the Rasulids’ gold functioned as a trade coinage and that they chose to adopt the designs used on the high quality gold coinage of the west to guarantee its acceptability in the east. The legends, however, follow Rasulid conventions. The ruler called himself “the Sultan, the King” in the style of the Mamluks of Egypt, and established their religious allegiance to Sunni Islam by naming the Four Orthodox Caliphs and including the name of the last Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad long after his death. This provides concrete evidence of the Sunni/Shi’a divide between the highlands and the lowlands of the Yemen.

Rasulid Rulers of the Yemen

MaterialGold
TypeDinar
Ruleral-Mu’ayyad Da’ud bin Yusuf
Mint‘Adan
Date718 H (1318 CE)
Weight4.34g
Diameter29mm