‘Uthmanid or Ottoman State

Gold Five Ziynet Altun

Obverse

Sultan al-barrayn/wa hakan al-bahrayn/al-sultan ibn/al-sultan, ha (in small letters) “Sultan of the two lands (Europe and Asia) and Lord of the two seas (Black and Mediterranean) the Sultan son of the Sultan, ha”

Reverse

Tughra of Ahmad III – Ahmad bin Muhammad Khan al-muzaffar da’ima “Ahmad bin Muhammad Khan, the ever victorious”

Below: ‘azza nasrahu duriba fi/Qustantaniyya/1115 “may his victory be glorious, struck in Constantinople 1115”

The long reign of Ahmed III forms one of the high points in the history of Ottoman numismatics, and this piece was the most beautiful gold coin they ever issued. The very large flan on which it was struck gave the die-sinkers a superb opportunity to exercise their craft. The tughra seems to float among flowers, while the bold script is slightly slanted, which gives it a feeling of graceful power and movement. Ahmad III took a great interest in the coinage struck in his name, and decided to centralise the empires’ financial administration in one place, and to build a new mint within the walls of Topkapi Saray, where it would be under his direct supervision. The result was “a charming and agreeable building constructed of stone with a firm foundation and a dome through which one could see the heavens”. This was inaugurated by the Sultan himself, and the mint superintendent, the chief architect and the chief assayer were clothed in robes of honour. These special coins were prepared as personal ornaments and means of savings.

‘Uthmanid or Ottoman State

MaterialGold
TypeFive Ziynet Altun
RulerAhmad III bin Muhammad IV
MintQustantaniyya (Constantinople)
Dateaccession year 1115 H (1703-1704 CE)
Weight16.75g
Diameter43.5mm