Kangarid of Tarim

Gold Dinar


In field within linear circle: la ilah illa/Allah Muhammad/rasul Allah “no deity other than God, Muhammad is the messenger of God” with a small annulet above and below

In margin within double linear circle from 12:00: Muhammad, ‘Ali, al-Hasan, al-Husayn, ‘Ali, Muhammad, Ja’far, Isma’il, Muhammad and the names of the seven Isma’ili Shi’a Imams


In field within linear circle: ‘Ali khalifat/Allah (three tiny letters above) ‘ayn, ba, kef or dal/ Wahsudan bin/Muhammad “‘Ali, the viceroy of God, Wahsudan bin Muhammad” at 3:00 upwards sayf at 9:00 downwards Al Muhammad, a small annulet above and below “sword of the family of Muhammad”

In margin within double linear circle anticlockwise from 12:00: bism Allah duriba hadha’l-dinar bi-Jalalabad sana thalath wa arba’in wa thalath mi’a “in the name of God this dinar was struck in Jalalabad the year three and forty and three hundred”

This remarkable coinage is one of, if not the earliest, to give the names of all the seven Isma’ili Shi’a Imams. The issuer, Wahsudan bin Muhammad, whose name also appears, was the head of a minor Daylamite dynasty in the mountains north of Qazwin. Exceptionally rare dinars and dirhams, both with this design, are known of this ruler, who called himself Sayf Aal Muhammad (“Sword of the Family of Muhammad”). The name Jalalabad (“Great City”) conceals its actual name and location. The superb workmanship and grandiose mint name shows the importance this ruler gave to his coinage.

Kangarid of Tarim

RulerWahsudan bin Muhammad
MintJalalabad (probable honorific name for Tarim)
Date343 H (954-955 CE)