Mongol Great Khans

Gold Dinar

Obverse

In field within linear circle (partially off flan) with floral ornaments at 12:00 and 9:00: la ilah illa Allah/Muhammad rasul Allah/al-Nasir li-din Allah/amir al-mu’minin “no deity other than God, Muhammad is the messenger of God, al-Nasir li-din Allah, commander of the faithful”

In margin anticlockwise from 1:00: huwwa al-dhi arsala rasulah bi’l-huda wa din al-haqq li-yuzhirahu ‘ala al-din kullihi “he who is sent with guidance and the religion of truth that he might make it supreme over all other religions”

Reverse

In field linear circle (partially off flan) with floral ornaments at 9:00 and 3:00: al-khaqan/al-‘adil/al-a’zam/Chingiz Khan “the khaqan, the just, the supreme Chingiz Khan”

In margin anticlockwise from 1:00: bism Allah duriba hadha’l-dinar bi-Balad Ghazna shuhur sana thaman ‘ashra wa sitt mi’a “in the name of God this dinar was struck in Balad Ghazna in the months of year eighteen and six hundred”

After the forces of the Great Mongols, under the leadership of Chingiz Khan, drove Jalal al-din Mangubarni, the last ruler of the Khwarizmshahs, out of his possessions, the mint of Ghazna, the former capital of both the Ghurids and the Khwarizmshahs, struck this issue of gold coins to proclaim the Mongol victory over their defeated enemy. Although crudely struck, this example shows clearly the ruler’s name, the mint, and the date and as such, is a fine example of what was generally a hastily prepared issue to placate the ruthless Mongol ruler. After his conquest the town of Ghazna was left devastated and its mint was closed. Although Chingiz Khan did not convert to Islam this dinar bore conventional Muslim legends and was issued in the name of the Abbasid Caliph al-Nasir li-din Allah to secure its acceptance among the Muslim troops and inhabitants of the region.

Mongol Great Khans

MaterialGold
TypeDinar
RulerThe Abbasid caliph al-Nasir li-din Allah
MintBalad Ghazna (the town of Ghazna in south-eastern Afghanistan)
Date618 H (1221 CE)
Weight3.52g
Diameter26mm