Chaghatayid Khans

Gold Dinar

Obverse

In field in double linear circle: Almaligh (in tiny letters)/la ilah illa/Allah Muhammad/rasul Allah/al-Nasir li din/Allah “Almaligh, no deity other than God, Muhammad is the messenger of God, al-Nasir li-din Allah”

In margin anticlockwise from 12:00 (partly off flan): …Almaligh sana khams wa thalathin wa sitt mi’a “…Almaligh the year five and thirty and six hundred”

Reverse

In field in double linear circle: Qan/al-Imam al/A’zam al-Nasir/Lidin Allah/mir al-Mu’mimin“no deity but God, al-Nasir li din Allah…”

In margin: mint and date legend, virtually illegible but presumably as on obverse

The obverse and reverse legends on this very rare dinar bear the same religious legends, in a style that is similar to that of the late Khwarizmshah dinars struck in Khwarizm, but they are struck from two quite different dies. Both lack the name of Chaghatay, the second son of Chingiz Khan, who was the actual ruler of Almaligh. This may have been to show deference to his senior brother the Great Khan Ögedei or it may have been a posthumous coin issued under the authority of Ögedei himself. While the legends on this coin are purely Islamic and show deference to the Abbasid caliph, it is unlikely that either Chaghatay or Ögedei ever converted to Islam, or that they displayed any real allegiance to the far distant caliphate in Baghdad. Almaligh (literally “Apple-y”) was the winter capital of Chagatay and his immediate successors. Its is located in the extreme west of China near the present-day Kulja, on the border of Siankang and Kazakhstan on the road to Alma Ata which means “the Father of Apples”.

Chaghatayid Khans

MaterialGold
TypeDinar
RulerTime of Chaghatay bin Chingiz
MintAlmaligh (in western China)
Date635 H (1237-1238 CE)
Weight4.52g
Diameter24mm