Ilkhans of Iran, Iraq & Anatolia

Gold Presentation Dinar

Obverse

In mihrab-shaped enclosure: la ilah illa/Allah Muhammad/rasul Allah/Abu Bakr/‘Umar ‘Uthman ‘Ali “no deity other than God, Muhammad is the messenger of God, (names of the Four Orthodox Caliphs) Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthman, ‘Ali the enclosure is formed by the words fasayekfi kahum Allah wa huwa al-sami‘ al-‘alim “God is your all sufficient defender. He hears all and knows all” – Surah II (al-Baqara), v. 137 (in part)

Outer margin: Muhammad rasul Allah wa’l-ladhina ma‘ahu ashida ‘ala al-kuffari ruhama baynahum tarahum ruka‘an sujadan yabtaghuna fadlan min Allah waridwanan simahum fi wujuhihim min athari al-sujudi dhalika mathaluhum fi al-Taurate wa mathaluhum fil-Injeel “Muhammad is the messenger of God, and those who are with Him are severe against unbelievers and merciful among themselves. You see them bowing and falling down prostrate seeking grace from God and His good pleasure. The mark of this faith is on their foreheads from the traces of their prostrations.” – Surah XLVIII (al-Fath), v. 29 (first part)

Reverse

In central octafoil: duriba/fi ayyam al-dawla al-Sultan/al-a‘zam abu-Sa‘id/khallada Allah mulkahu at 3:00 na‘ama, at 9:00 Allah, at 6:00 al-nasr “struck in the days of prosperity, the Supreme Sultan abu-Sa’id, may God perpetuate his sovereignty, how wonderful is the help of God”

In marginal segments anticlockwise from 2:00: duriba/Baghdad/fi/sana/tisa‘/‘ashr/wa saba‘/mi’a “struck Baghdad in year nineteen and seven hundred”

Outer margin: huwa al-lathi anzala al-sakinata fi qulubi al-mu’minin il-yazdadu wallahu imanan ma‘a imanihim walila junudu al-samawat wa’l-ardi wakana Allah ‘aliman “it was He who sent tranquillity into the hearts of the believers so that their faith might grow stronger. To God belong the hosts of the heavens and the earth, and God is all-knowing” – Surah XLVIII (al-Fath), v. 4

Abu Sa‘id was one of the most prolific strikers of coins of any Muslim ruler, and produced eight distinct coinage types, each one signalling a devaluation in weight. This handsome gold dinar, the third type of abu-Sa’id’s reign, was clearly a special donative piece because of its large size, heavy weight and additional Qur’anic legends. These rarely used texts act to intensify the religious character of the coin on the obverse and its political character on the reverse. It is easy to see how the former was emphasised by the mihrab-shaped enclosure of the kalima based on the names of the Four Orthodox Caliphs. The reverse surrounds the monumental style of the ruler’s name within an octafoil supported by the message that the ruler brought tranquillity and firmness of faith to his subjects.

Ilkhans of Iran, Iraq & Anatolia

MaterialGold
TypePresentation Dinar
RulerAbu-Sa’id Bahadur Khan bin Uljaytu
MintBaghdad
Date719 H (1319 CE)
Weight25.03g
Diameter38mm