Safawid Shahs of Iran - Maternal line

Gold Double-Weight Muhur

Obverse

In field within linear circle the Shi’a kalima: la ilah illa Allah/Muhammad/rasul Allah/‘Ali wali Allah “no deity other than God, Muhammad is the messenger of God, ‘Ali is the chosen one of God”

Around: the names of the twelve Shi’a Imams, Muhammad, ‘Ali, Hasan, Husayn, ‘Ali, Muhammad, Ja’far, Musa, ‘Ali, Muhammad, ‘Ali, Hasan

Reverse

The couplet in Farsi: zad az-lutf-i haqq sikka-yi kamrani/Shah-i ‘adl gostar Sulayman-i thani/Mashhad Maqdis “By grace divine he struck a coin of happy fame/the just sovereign who became the second Solomon/Mashhad Maqdis”

In the confusion surrounding the deposition of the Safawid ruler ‘Abbas III and the reign of the Afsharids of Azerbaijan and Khurasan, a fifth generation descendant from a daughter of ‘Abbas I, the Great, was chosen to rule the state. He lasted for only forty days before he was set aside by the Bakhtiari Khan, ‘Ali Mardan, and then the far more famous Muhammad Karim Khan Zand. This exceptional coin was struck at the heavy weight of a double muhur, a denomination which did not form a regular part of the Iranian coinage. It is likely that this piece was intended as an accession donative to be given to court officials and the armed forces to secure their allegiance. In the event this proved to be a totally vain effort, given the far stronger contenders for power that Sulayman faced.

Safawid Shahs of Iran - Maternal line

MaterialGold
TypeDouble-Weight Muhur
RulerSulayman II bin Mirza Muhammad al-Husayni
MintMashhad Maqdis (the holy shrine, formerly known as Tus and today as Mashhad)
DateDate missing (1163 H/1750 CE)
Weight21.94g
Diameter200.5mm