Umayyad Caliphate

Gold Dinar

Obverse

In field: la ilah i/lla Allah/wahda “no deity other than the One God”

In margin within serrate circle anticlockwise from 3:00: Muhammad rasul Allah arsalahu bi’l-huda wa din al-haqq “Muhammad is the messenger of God, who sent him with guidance and the religion of truth” – Surah IX (al-Tauba) v. 33 (in part)

Reverse

In field: bism Allah/al-rahman/al-rahim “in the name of God, the merciful, the compassionate”

In margin within serrate circle anticlockwise from 1:00: duriba hadha’l-dinar bi’l-Andalus sanat thnatayn wa mi’a “in the name of God this dinar was struck in al-Andalus the year two and one hundred”

This is the earliest reform-style coinage from Spain. By the time this coin was struck, Islam had become established both culturally and as the main religion in Andalusia. The Umayyads must have felt that the time had come to introduce a currency that linked it both visually and doctrinally to that of the east. As was the case of Ifriqiya the legends were copied from the half dinar (nisf) which had been struck in Damascus until the year 101 H. Perhaps the discontinuation of the half dinar in that year was occasioned by its imitations in Ifriqiya and al-Andalus. Two obvious differences, however, were apparent. The more important of the two was the introduction of a mint name to the legends, the earliest such in the Umayyad gold coinage, and the specification of the denomination as the dinar, rather than the nisf (half) found on its previous coinage in the east. Dinars from the west are much rarer than those from the east. It is likely that they were used to pay the local military expenses and to act as tribute to Damascus.

Umayyad Caliphate

MaterialGold
TypeDinar
RulerAnonymous
Mintal-Andalus
Date102H / 720-721CE
Weight4.35g
Diameter20.5mm