Umayyad Caliphate

Gold Dinar

Obverse

In field: la ilah i/lla Allah/wahda “no deity other than the One God” In margin within serrate circle anticlockwise from 3:00: Muhammad rasul Allah arsalahu bi’l huda wa din al-haqq “Muhammad is the messenger of God, who sent him with guidance and the religion of truth” – Surah IX (al-Tauba) v. 33 (in part)

Reverse

In field: bism Allah/al-rahman/al-rahim “in the name of God, the merciful, the compassionate”

In margin: duriba hadha’l-dinar bi-Ifriqiya sanat arba’ wa mi’a “in the name of God this dinar was struck in Ifriqiya the year four and one hundred”

The Umayyads initially struck two separate coinages for the eastern and western regions of their state. In the east the coins were Arab-Sasanian silver drachms and copper fulus, while in the west they were Arab Byzantine gold solidi and copper follis. This tradition was continued after the conquest of North Africa and Spain with the opening of new mints in both provinces. Ifriqiya was the name given to that of Africa. In both these areas the dinar legends adopted those on the eastern gold nisf (half or semessis) and the gold thulth (third or tremessis) formerly issued in Syria. The parallel use of these legends on the gold coinages lasted for about fifteen years, after which the use of the eastern reform-style dinar became uniform in all Umayyad gold mints.

Umayyad Caliphate

MaterialGold
TypeDinar
RulerAnonymous
MintIfriqiya / Africa
Date104H / 722-723CE
Weight4.31g
Diameter18mm